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Economic Integration and Migration

Mexico and the US

January 9-11, 2003


Empress Hotel of La Jolla

7766 Fay Avenue

La Jolla, California 92037

Phone: (858) 454-3001 or (888) 369-9900

Fax: (858) 454-6387

Meeting Room:

Deutz Seminar Room

Copley International Conference Center,

Institute of the Americas Complex, UCSD campus

Sponsored by:

Migration Dialogue

with the support of

the German Marshall Fund of the United States

UCB Center for German and European Studies

and the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation

The purpose of this Migration Dialogue seminar is to educate 40 opinion leaders from Europe and North America about the relationship between economic integration and Mexico-US migration. The seminar includes field trips that enable participants to discuss migration issues first hand with government officials, employers and migrant advocates and migrants. Reports of past seminars are at: //

Mexico and the US have traditionally been "distant neighbors." Mexico had an import-substitution economic model, the major economic link was migration, and the treatment of Mexicans in the US was often the source of friction. This began to change in the mid-1980s, with a US legalization for 2.3 million Mexicans and the ascendance to power in Mexico of US-trained economists who opened Mexico to trade and proposed Nafta. Mexico was "on the map" for US and other foreign investors, and attracted a great deal of US government and private-sector attention.

Nafta in 1994 marked a new era in Mexico-US relations and migration. Mexico, which had become the number 1 source of immigrants in 1980, became second only to Canada as a trade partner in the mid-1990s. The 2000 election of Vicente Fox in Mexico and George Bush in the US led to a special relationship and widespread expectations of some kind of legalization for the three to four million unauthorized among the eight to nine million Mexicans in the US.

The goals of this seminar are to explore, in five panels and two field trips:

· The evolution of Mexico-US migration and economic integration—in the Mexico-US case, migration came first, and one purpose of economic integration was to reduce migration

· The importance of border-area factories, maquiladoras, to substitute trade for migration by creating formal-sector jobs for Mexicans.

· The creation of a binational community and economy in Tijuana-San Diego, and the role of remittances, border controls etc in shaping movements, and relations.

· US migration management policy goals and strategies on the Mexican border in the 21st century.

· Implications of the US-Mexican experience for migration management elsewhere (the 2004 seminar is planned for Bratislava-Vienna to provide a contrasting perspective on economic integration and migration)

Wednesday, January 8, 2003: Arrival Day in San Diego ( SAN)

7:30PM Dinner, Karl Strauss Brewery & Grill, 1044 Wall Street, (858) 551-2739

Thursday, January 9, 2003

6:30-9AM Breakfast at the hotel and at UCSD

9 AM Meeting: Deutz Seminar room, UCSD

Welcome and Introductions: Philip Martin, University of California, Davis and Michael Teitelbaum, Sloan Foundation

9:20 AM Migration and Development: US and Mexican Perspectives

Philip Martin, UC-Davis

Agustin Escobar, Ciesas Occidente

10:30 AM Break

10:45 AM Maquiladoras, Development and Migration

Gordon Hanson, UCSD

Jorge Carrillo, COLEF

Baja California economic development rep

12:15 PM Lunch

1:30 PM Case Studies: Binational Development and the Border


Diane Lindquist, San Diego Union Tribune

Wayne Cornelius, UC San Diego

Joel Millman, Wall Street Journal

Kathy Kopina, University of Western Ontario

3:00 PM Break

3:15 PM Discussion

4 PM Adjourn and return to hotel

5 PM Depart for US Border Patrol, 2411 Boswell Road, Chula Vista, Ralph Thomas, tel 619-216-4021

5:45-8 PM Briefing and border tour

8 PM Dinner with Border Patrol near border; return to hotel at 9 or 9:30pm

Friday, January 10, 2003: Field Trip

6:30–8 AM Breakfast

8 AM Depart by bus to Tijuana, cross at Otay Mesa

9:15 AM Tour of Maquiladora

10:30 AM Plantronics, Alex Bustamante, tour and lunch with workers

12:30 PM Depart for tour of Tijuana, including housing and markets, stop at Casa de Migrante (Gilberto Martinez), Colef (Jorge Santibanez-Romellon)

2:30 PM Return to US at San Ysidro, POE tour and post 9-11 issues

4 PM Depart for hotel, arrive 5pm

7:30 PM Dinner, Tapanade Restaurant, 7612 Fay Ave, La Jolla, 858)622-6600

Saturday, January 11, 2002

6:30-9 AM Breakfast

9 AM US migration management policy goals and strategies on the Mexican border in the 21st century. Johnny Williams, INS Chief of Operations

10 AM Break

10:15 PM Migration and Development: Comparative Perspectives

Chair: Susan Martin, ISIM, Georgetown Uni

Kay Hailbronner, Uni Konstanz

Patrick Weil, Uni Sorbonne

Joaquin Arango, Fundacion Ortega y Gasset

Rafael Fernandez de Castro, ITAM, Mexico

12 PM Adjourn

12:15PM Lunch

7:30PM Dinner